Credits: © Ph. Giuseppe Giustolisi
The rose is one of the most loved and versatile flowers, ideal to grow in the garden, to create beautiful rose garden, or in vases.
The rose belongs to the Rosaceae family, about 150 different species, each of which is divided into multiple varieties.
When and How to plant roses:
Roses should be planted in the fall or spring. The soil must be worked deeply and well drained. Fertilization takes place during the vegetative period and when the first buds come out. Roses must be watered thoroughly after planting and then only every time the soil appears dry on the surface. Pruning is important to make the roses more vigorous. It must be carried out according to the different climatic conditions. In the region with a harsh climate between February and March, while in regions with a mild climate in autumn. Roses need light but can’t stand the sun throughout the day.
How to grow potted roses:
Roses must be planted in a pot about 50-60 cm deep and 40 cm wide. The depth of the vase is important, because the roots of roses penetrate deep into the soil and branch even in width and need a lot of space.
The soil, with which to fill the pot, must be specific for roses, as it remains moist without soaking too much water and must be mixed with natural fertilizer. It would be preferable not to rest the vase directly on the ground but to ensure that it remains suspended, so as to allow the water to exit the drainage hole underneath the container.
Once the base is ready, the roses can be planted. The ideal period is from November to March.
After having planted the roses, they must be watered with plenty of water, being careful not to wet the leaves that could otherwise rot.
Rose plants need sunlight for at least three hours a day. When the flowers have grown, they can be picked. The cut must be oblique and clear.
Pruning, to be done every year, depends on the shape we want to give our rose. In any case, it is necessary to intervene before the new leaves bloom, eliminating the oldest branches at the base of the plant.
How to grow dwarf roses:
Dwarf roses need a lot of light, a few plants around and a rich, moist and well-drained soil.
Dig a hole in the garden, place the plant in the ground and fill the hole with the soil, compacting it well. Wet the soil during the growth period avoiding to wet leaves and flowers.
Roses must be fertilized when new leaves appear and after each pruning. At the end of winter and early spring carry out pruning.
For roses planted in pots, a minimum of 30 cm diameter should be left for at least a year.
How to grow climbing roses:
Even climbing roses need light. The most suitable soil is clayey, well drained and enriched with natural fertilizer and nitrogen-based chemical fertilizers.
To support the roses, use plastic or metal grids and water them once a week. Periodically move the soil around the roses and enrich it with a little fertilized peat. Perform pruning between January and February.
Roses need fertile soil, rich in organic substances, mature manure, thanks to which they will be healthier and produce more flowers.
Freshly planted new roses must be fertilized four weeks after implantation.
Botanical roses and creepers must be fertilized once in spring and, a second time, after flowering.
All the varieties of roses need constant irrigation, between spring and autumn. The irrigation method consists of wetting the soil, not the branches or the flowers. The optimal watering frequency is once a week in spring and autumn, twice in midsummer, when temperatures are higher.
Removal of weeds:
To have healthy and beautiful roses, weeds must be eradicated around the plant. The best way to eliminate weeds is to moisten the soil and remove the grass by hand to be sure of eradicating the entire root.
Plant cleaning and pruning:
To keep the plant clean you need to remove the dry branches so as to keep away even many insects.
Most of the variety of roses must be pruned at the end of winter or early spring, removing old branches and shortening new ones.
Protection from pests and diseases:
To protect the roses from the attack of pests and fungal diseases, which mainly proliferate in the heat and high humidity, it is preferable to select the most suitable varieties for your geographical area and choose the most resistant ones.
It is necessary to choose that the roses receive at least three, four hours of direct sunlight a day and good ventilation.